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Professor Mark Johnson

Director, CBCD

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Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development
School of Psychology, Birkbeck College
Henry Wellcome Building
Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX
Phone: +44 (0)20 7631 6226
Fax: +44 (0)20 7631 6587
Email: mark.johnson@bbk.ac.uk

Research interests

The focus of my research is Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, the study of functional brain development over the first years of life. The key questions that motivate my research concern how specialized cognitive functions emerge within particular brain regions (such as the cerebral cortex) during development. Within this approach my research focuses on the perception and cognition of the social and physical world over the early years. We adopt an "interactive specialisation" framework for thinking about human functional brain development (see my book “Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience”, Blackwell, 2005, for a summary of this). Much of this research is conducted collaboratively with other members of the Centre for Brain & Cognitive Development, though we also collaborate with other labs in the US, Europe, and Japan.

The development of the social brain

Within this topic, we study face perception, eye-gaze perception and eye-gaze cued action, and the perception of human action. Through imaging (ERP, NIRS) and behavioural testing methods, our goal is understand the typical and atypical development of the human social brain network.

Developing an understanding of the physical world

Within this area we study object processing and action in the dorsal and ventral streams, object-centred attention, visual masking, perceptual binding, and the representation of occluded objects. In addition to conventional brain correlates of perception, we study event-related oscillations (ERO).

The development of prefrontal cortex function

It is often assumed that the prefrontal cortex (the part of the brain most associated with higher cognitive functions) is "functionally silent" for the first year after birth. However, recent evidence reveals activation of this area from at least the first months. We are conducting longitudinal individual differences studies to trace the early emergence of functions attributed to PFC.

Infants at-risk for autism

A longstanding research interest has concerned how Autism develops over the first year of life. It is possible that overt behavioural symptoms of Autism only emerge toward the end of the first year of life. We are studying groups of infants at-risk for autism (such as the younger siblings of children already diagnosed) to trace the earliest brain and cognitive signs of autism. In the longer term, early identification may lead to better intervention strategies. For more information about the Autism Baby Siblings Research Program, please click here.

The core funding for my laboratory comes from the UK Medical Research Council.

Curriculum vitae

I chose to conduct my undergraduate studies at the University of Edinburgh, since I could combine courses from basic biology with those on psychology. During these studies I became particularly fascinated with developmental biology and developmental psychology. I was struck, however, with how separate these two disciplines were at that time. As a PhD student at the University of Cambridge, under the supervision of Gabriel Horn and Pat Bateson, I found a natural home for my interest in relating brain development, and early experience, to behavioural development. I also learned about the necessity of using multiple converging methodologies from genetics, neuroscience, and psychology, to address these issues. After completing my PhD I was fortunate to join the newly formed MRC Cognitive Development Unit in London, under the Directorship of John Morton. Here I developed my interest in studying human infants, and enjoyed the freedom of postdoctoral years to develop and expand theoretical ideas on the development of perception, especially face processing. A logical consequence of this work was to understand the mechanisms that underlie the looking-time based behavioural measures used to study human infants. This took me to spend an enjoyable year (spread over two) with Mike Posner and Mary Rothbart at the University of Oregon, Eugene. This productive time advanced my interest in the development of visual orienting and attention, and further reinforced to me the importance of interdisciplinary approaches to development.

In 1991 I joined the faculty at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) as Associate Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience, and was fortunate to recruit Leslie Tucker from Oregon as my lab manager. Over the ensuing years, Leslie’s role has expanded with the size of the research group to her present position at Birkbeck of Centre Co-ordinator. At CMU my growing interest in neural network and connectionist models was nourished, and I benefited from some outstanding colleagues and students. In 1994 I returned to London to re-join the MRC Cognitive Development Unit as a Senior Research Scientist. At this time we were keen to establish an infant ERP/EEG lab, and we were fortunate to recruit Gergely Csibra from Budapest to lead this. Gergo’s unique combination of technical and theoretical skills allowed us to become one of the first few labs in the world to undertake high-density ERP studies in young infants. In 1997 I took up the chair of Psychology at Birkbeck, University of London, and shortly after the lab moved to "our" building, 32 Torrington Square, to form the new "Centre for Brain & Cognitive Development" (CBCD) along with Denis Mareschal.

Since 1997 the CBCD has expanded rapidly and includes many excellent new colleagues such as Michael Thomas, Fred Dick, Jennifer Aydelott, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Natasha Kirkham, and Angelica Ronald. In 2006 some members of the CBCD moved into a new purpose-built building (the Henry Wellcome Building), designed around our scientific needs.  Also in 2006 we, along with Martin Eimer, were awarded the Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher Education.  In 2008 I was awarded the British Psychological Society President's Award for distinguished contributions to psychological knowledge, and in 2009 the Experimental Psychology Society Mid-Career Award. More recently, in 2011, I was elected as Fellow of the British Academy (FBA) and in 2012 I was elected as Fellow of the Cognitive Science Society.

I am also on Neurotree.

You can also follow this Link to download a recent interview with Current Biology.

Publications

Books:

Oates, J., Karmiloff-Smith, A. and Johnson, M.H. (Eds.) (2012) Developing Brains.  Early Childhood in Focus, No.7.  The Open University and Bernard van Leer Foundation.

Johnson, M. H. (2011). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. (3rd Ed) John Wiley & Sons.

Calder, A.J., Rhodes, G., Johnson, M.H. and Haxby, J.V. (Eds.) (2011)  The Handbook of Face Perception.  Oxford, UK:  Oxford University Press

Mareschal, D., Sirois, S., Westermann, G. and Johnson, M. H. (Eds.) (2007). Neuroconstructivism, Volume 2: Perspectives and Prospects. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Mareschal. D., Johnson, M.H., Sirois, S., Spratling, M.W., Thomas, M.C., Westermann, G. (2007).  Neuroconstructivism, Volume 1: How the Brain Constructs Cognition. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Munakata, Y. and Johnson, M.H. (Eds.) (2006). Attention  & Performance XXI:  Processes of change in brain and cognitive development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Johnson, M. H. (2005). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. (2nd Ed) Oxford: Blackwell.

De Haan, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2003). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Development. Psychology Press.

Johnson, M.H., Munakata, Y., and Gilmore, R. (2002). Brain Development and Cognition: A Reader, 2nd Edition. Oxford: Blackwell.

Johnson, M.H. (1997). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell. (Reprinted 5 times; Chinese translation 2001).

Elman, J., Bates, E., Johnson, M.H., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Parisi, D, and Plunkett, K. (1996). Rethinking Innateness: A Connectionist Perspective on Development. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.  (Reprinted 5 times; Japanese translation 1998; Nominated for “One hundred most influential works in cognitive science from the 20th Century” - Minnesota Millennium Project) (>1,000 citations).

Johnson, M.H. (1993). Brain Development and Cognition: A Reader. Oxford: Blackwell. (Reprinted twice).

Johnson, M.H. and Morton, J. (1991). Biology and Cognitive Development: The case of face recognition. Oxford: Blackwell.

Recent publications (through 1998):

Grossmann, T. and Johnson, M.H. (In press) The early development of social cognition.  The Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience

Blakemore, S-J., Grossmann, T., Cohen-Kadosh, K., Sebastian, C., and Johnson, M.H.  (In press) Development of the social brain.  In: Handbook of Educational Neuroscience. Eds. D. Mareschal, A. Tolmie, B. Butterworth.  Wiley-Blackwell

Farroni, T., Chiarelli, A., Lloyd-Fox, S., Massaccesi, S., Merla, A., Faraguna, D., and Johnson, M.H. (In press) Infant cortex responds to other humans from shortly after birth.  Nature Scientific Reports

Webb, SJ., Bernier, R., Henderson, H., Johnson, M.H., Jones, E., Lerner, M.D., McPartland, J.C., Nelson, C.A., Rojas, D.C., Townsend, J., and Westerfield, M. (In press) Guidelines and best practices for electrophysiological data collection, analysis, and reporting in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

Leonard, H.C., Elsabbagh, M., Hill, E.L. and the BASIS team (In Press)  Early and persistent motor difficulties in infants at-risk of developing autism spectrum disorder: A prospective study.  European Journal of Developmental Psychology, DOI:10.1080/17405629.2013.801626

Leonard, H.C., Bedford, R., Charman, T., Elsabbagh, M., Johnson, M.H., Hill, E.L. and the BASIS team (In Press)  Motor development in children at-risk for autism: A follow-up of infant siblings.  Autism

Jones, E., Gliga, T., Bedford, R., Charman, T., and Johnson, M.H. (In press).  Developmental pathways to autism: A review of prospective studies of infants at risk.  Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews

Jones, E. and Johnson, M.H. (In press) Early neurocognitive markers of developmental psychopathology.  International Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology

Gliga, T and Johnson, M.H. (In press) Infant predictors of autism spectrum disorders.  Cutting Edge Psychiatry in Practice

Bedford, R., Pickles, A., Gliga, T., Elsabbagh, M., Charman. T. and Johnson, M.H. (In press). Additive effects of social and non-social attention during infancy relate to later autism spectrum disorder.  Developmental Science

De Klerk, C.J.M., Gliga, T., Charman. T., Johnson, M.H. & the BASIS team (In press). Face engagement during infancy predicts later face recognition ability in younger siblings of children with autism. Developmental Science

Grossmann, T., Lloyd-Fox, S., Johnson, M.H. (In press) Brain responses reveal young infants’ sensitivity to when a social partner follows their gaze. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Johnson, M.H.  (In press)  The paradox of the emerging social brain. In Banaji, M.R. & Gelman, S. A. (Eds) Navigating the Social World: What infants, children, and other species can tell us.  New York: Oxford University Press.

Tomalski, P., Moore, D.G., Ribeiro, H., Axelsson, E.L., Murphy, E., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Johnson, M.H. & Kushnerenko, E. (2013). Socioeconomic status and functional brain development – associations in early infancy.  Developmental Science, 16, 676-687.

Gliga, T., Senju, A., Pettinato, M., Charman, T., Johnson, M.H. & the BASIS Team (2013). Spontaneous belief attribution in younger siblings of children on the Autism spectrum. Developmental Psychology, doi: 10.1037/a0034146

Elsabbagh, M., Bedford, R., Senju, A., Charman, T., Pickles, A., Johnson, M.H. & the BASIS Team (2013). What you see is what you get: Contextual modulation of face scanning in typical and atypical development. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, doi: 10.1093/scan/nst012

Elsabbagh, M., Gliga, T., Pickles, A., Hudry, K., Charman, T.,  Johnson, M.H. & the BASIS Team (2013).  The development of face orienting mechanisms in infants at-risk for autism. Behavioural Brain Research, 251, 147-154.

Lloyd-Fox, S., Wu, R., Richards, J.E., Elwell, C., and Johnson, M.H. (2013) Cortical activation to action perception is associated with action production abilities in young infants. Cerebral Cortex, doi: 10.1093/cerecor/bht207

Johnson, M.H. (2013)  Theories in developmental cognitive neuroscience.  In: Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience, Volume 3 (Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Healthy and Diseased Brain).  Eds. J.L.R Rubenstein & Pasco Rakic.  Elsevier. pps 191-205

Rigato, S., Menon, E., Farroni, T., and Johnson, M.H. (2013) The shared signal hypothesis: effects of emotion-gaze congruency in infant and adult visual preferences.  British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 31, 15-29.

Hudry, K., Chandler, S., Bedford, R., Pasco, G., Gliga, T., Elsabbagh, M., Johnson, M.H., Charman. T. and the BASIS team (2013).  Early language profiles in infants at high-risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 10.1007/s10803-013-1861-4

Cohen-Kadosh, K., Johnson, M.H., Henson, R.N., Dick, F. and Blakemore, S-J.  (2013) Differential face-network adaptation in children, adolescents and adults. NeuroImage, 69, 11-20

Tye, C., Mercure, E., Ashwood, K., Azadi, B., Asherson, P., Johnson, M.H., Bolton, P., and McLoughlin, G. (2013).  Neurophysiological responses to faces and gaze direction differentiate children with ASD, ADHD, and ASD + ADHD. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 5, 71-85

Elsabbagh, M., Fernandes, J., Webb, S.J., Dawson, G., Charman, T., Johnson, M.H. & the BASIS Team (2013). Disengagement of Visual Attention in Infancy Is Associated with Emerging Autism in Toddlerhood. Biological Psychiatry, doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.11.030

Wass, S., Smith, T. & Johnson, M.H. (2013) Parsing eyetracking data of variable quality to provide accurate fixation duration estimates in infants and adults.  Behavior Research Methods, DOI 10.3758/s13428-012-0245-6

Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A., Elwell, C.E., Charman, T., Murphy, D. and Johnson, M.H. (2013)  Reduced neural sensitivity to social stimuli in infants at-risk for autism. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Part B, 10.1098/rspb.2012.302

Senju, A., Tucker, L., Pasco, G., Hudry, K., Elsabbagh, M., Charman, T., and Johnson, M.H. (2013). The importance of the eyes:  Communication skills in infants of blind parents. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Part B. doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.0436

Leonard, H., Annaz, D., Karmiloff-Smith, A. & Johnson, M.H. (2013) Reduced reliance on optimal facial information for identity recognition in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Cognition and Development, 10.1080/1532-7647

Johnson, M.H. (2013)  The paradox of the emerging social brain.  Eds. Banaji, M.R. & Gelman, S. A. Navigating the Social World: What infants, children, and other species can tell us. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp 6-11.

Green, J., Wai-Wan, M., Guiraud, J., Holsgrove, S., McNally, J., Slomins, V., Elsabbagh, M., Charman, T., Pickles, A., Johnson, M.H. and the BASIS team (2013) Intervention for infants at-risk of developing autism:  A case series.  Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. DOI 10.1007/s10803-013-1797-8

Hudry, K., Chandler, S., Bedford, R., Pasco, G., Gliga, T., Elsabbagh, M., Johnson, M.H., Charman. T. and the BASIS team (2013).  Early language profiles in infants at high-risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 10.1007/s10803-013-1861-4

Johnson, M.H.  (2012)  Executive function and developmental disorders:  The flip side of the coin.  Trends in Cognitive Science, 16, 454-457.

Clifford, S.M., Hudry, K., Elsabbagh, M., Charman, T, Johnson, M.H. and the BASIS Team (2012). Temperament in the first two years of life in infants at high-risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders.  Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. DOI 10.1007/s10803-012-1612.

Elsabbagh, M., Gliga, T., Pickles, A., Hudry, K., Charman, T.,  Johnson, M.H. & the BASIS Team (2012).  The development of face orienting mechanisms in infants at-risk for autism.  Behavioural Brain Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2012.07.030

Wass, S., Smith, T. & Johnson, M.H. (2012) Parsing eyetracking data of variable quality to provide accurate fixation duration estimates in infants and adults.  Behavior Research Methods. http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13428-012-0245-6

Wass, S., Scerif, G. & Johnson, M.H. (2012) Training attentional control and working memory:  Is younger better?  Developmental Review

Bedford, R., Elsabbagh, M., Gliga, T., Pickles, A., Senju, A., Charman, T., Johnson, M.H. and the BASIS team. (2012) Precursors to social and communication difficulties in infants at-risk for autism:  Gaze following and attentional engagement.  Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, DOI: 10.1007/s10803-012-1450-y

Tomalski, P. and Johnson, M.H. (2012) Cortical sensitivity to contrast polarity and orientation of faces is modulated by temporal-nasal hemifield asymmetry.  Brain Imaging and Behavior, 6, 88-101

Wai Wan, M., Green, J.,  Elsabbagh, M., Johnson, M.H., Charman, T., Plummer, F and the BASIS Team.  (2012)  Parent-infant interaction in infant siblings at risk of autism.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 33, 924-932

Elsabbagh, M., Mercure, E., Hudry, K., Chandler, S., Pasco, G., Charman, T., Pickles, A., Baron-Cohen, S., Bolton, P., Johnson, M.H., & the BASIS Team. (2012)  Infant neural sensitivity to dynamic eye gaze is associated with later emerging autism.  Current Biology, 22, 338-342.  (see also; Current Biology, R127-R128, 21 February 2012)

Stahl, D., Pickles, A., Elsabbagh, M., Johnson, M.H. & the BASIS team (2012)  Novel machine learning methods for ERP analysis: A validation from research on infants at-risk for autism.  Developmental Neuropsychology, 37, 1-25

Gliga, T., Elsabbagh, M., Hudry, K., Charman, T., Johnson, M.H. & the BASIS team  (2012)  Gaze following, gaze reading, and word learning in children at-risk for autism.  Child Development, 83, 926-938

Guiraud, J.A., Tomalski, P., Kushnerenko, E., Ribeiro, H., Davies, K.,  Charman, T., Elsabbagh, M.,  Johnson, M.H. and the BASIS team (2012). Atypical audiovisual speech integration in infants at-risk for autism.  PLOS One, 7(5): e36428. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036428

Cohen-Kadosh, K., Johnson, M.H., Dick, F., Cohen-Kadosh, R., and Blakemore, S-J., (2012)  Effects of age, task performance and structural brain development on face processing.  Cerebral Cortex, doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhs150

Rosa Salva, O., Farroni, T., Regolin, L., Vallortigara, G., & Johnson, M.H. (2011)  The evolution of social orienting:  Evidence from chicks and human newborns.  PLOS One, 6(4): e18802. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018802

Dekker, T., Mareschal, D., Sereno, M.I., & Johnson, M.H. (2011) Dorsal and ventral stream activation patterns and object recognition performance in school-age children.  NeuroImage. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.11.005

Senju, A., Kikuchi, Y., Akechi, H., Hasegawa, T., Tojo, Y., Osanai, H., & Johnson, M. H. (2011). Atypical modulation of face-elicited saccades in autism spectrum disorder in a double-step saccade paradigm. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, (5), 1264-1269.

Leonard, H., Annaz, D., Karmiloff-Smith, A., & Johnson, M.H. (2011) Developing spatial frequency biases in face recognition in Autism and Williams syndrome.  Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 968-973

Blasi, A.,  Mercure, E.,  Lloyd-Fox, S.,  Thomson, A., Brammer, M., Sauter, D.,  Deeley, Q., Barker, G.J., Renvall, V., Deoni, S., Gasston, D., Williams, SCR.,  Johnson, M.H,  Simmons, A.  & Murphy, D.G.M. (2011) Early specialization for voice and emotion processing in the infant brain. Current Biology (21), DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2011.06.009

Johnson, M.H. (2011) Face perception:  A developmental perspective.  In: Calder, A.J., Rhodes, G,  Johnson, M.H. and Haxby, J.V. (Eds.) The Handbook of Face Perception.  Oxford, UK:  Oxford University Press. P. 3-14.

Wass, S., Porayska-Pomsta, K., & Johnson, M.H. (2011) Training attentional control in infancy.  Current Biology. DOI :10.1016/j.cub.2011.08.004

Guiraud, J.A., Kushnerenko, E., Tomalski, P., Davies, K.,  Ribeiro, H., Johnson, M.H., and the BASIS team (2011). Differential habituation to repeated sounds in infants at-risk for autism.  NeuroReport, 22, 845-849.

Johnson, M.H. (2011) Face processing as brain adaptation at multiple time scales.  Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 1873-1888.

Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A., Mercure, E., Elwell, C.E. & Johnson, M.H. (2011) The emergence of cerebral specialisation for the human voice over the first months of life.  Social Neuroscience, DOI:10.1080/17470919.2011.614696

Rigato, S., Menon, E., Johnson, M.H. and Farroni, T. (2011)  The interaction between gaze direction and facial expressions in newborns.  European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 8, 624-636

Johnson, M.H. and Fearon, P. (2011)  Disengaging the infant mind: genetic dissociation of attention and cognitive skills in infants.  Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 1153-1154.

Elsabbagh, M., Holmboe, K., Gliga, T., Mercure, E., Hudry, K., Charman, T., Baron-Cohen, S., Bolton, P., Johnson, M.H., & the BASIS Team. (2011)  Social and attention factors during infancy and the later emergence of autism characteristics.  Progress in Brain Research. (189) 195-207

Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A., Everdell, N., Elwell, C.E. and Johnson, M.H. (2011)  Selective cortical mapping of biological motion processing in young infants.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1162/jocn.2010.21598

Mercure, E., Cohen-Kadosh, K., and Johnson, M. H. (2011) The N170 shows differential repetition effects for faces, objects, and orthographic stimuli. Lausanne: Frontiers in  Neuroscience. 5, 1-10.pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2011)  Developmental neuroscience, psychophysiology, and genetics. In:  Developmental Science:  An Advanced Textbook,  6th Edition.  Eds. M.H. Bornstein & M.E. Lamb.   New York: Psychology Press.  P. 201-239

Deoni, S., Mercure, E., Blasi, A., Gasston, D., Thomson, A., Johnson, M.H., Williams, S. & Murphy, D. (2011). Mapping Infant Brain Myelination with Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Journal of Neuroscience. 31, 784-791

Cohen-Kadosh, K., Cohen-Kadosh, R., Dick, F. and Johnson, M.H. (2010) Developmental changes in effective connectivity in the emerging core face network.  Cerebral Cortex. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhq215 pdf format

Leonard, H., Karmiloff-Smith, A., and Johnson, M.H.  (2010)  The development of spatial frequency biases in face recognition.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2010.03.005. pdf format

Tomalski, P. and Johnson, M.H. (2010)  The effects of early adversity on the adult and developing brain.  Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 23, 233-238.

Holmboe, K., Elsabbagh, M., Volein, A., Tucker, L.A., Baron-Cohen, S., Bolton, P., Charman, T., and Johnson, M.H. (2010) Frontal cortex functioning in the infant broader autism phenotype. Infant Behavior & Development, doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.05.004.
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Johnson, M.H. (2010) Interactive Specialization:  A domain-general framework for human functional brain development? Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2010.07.003.
 pdf format

Grossmann, T, Johnson, M.H, Vaish, A, Hughes, D.A, Quinque, D,  Stoneking, M., & Friederici, A.D (2010)  Genetic and neural dissociation of individual responses to emotional expressions in human infants. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2010.07.001.
 pdf format

Rigato, S., Johnson, M.H.,  Faraguna, D., and Farroni, T. (2010)  Direct gaze may modulate face recognition in newborns. Infant & Child Development, DOI: 10.1002/icd.684.
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Johnson, M.H. (2010)  Functional brain development during infancy. In:  The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Infant Development 2nd Edition.  Eds. J.G. Bremner & T. Wachs.  Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Grossmann, T. and Johnson, M.H. (2010) Selective prefrontal cortex responses to joint attention in early infancy. Biology Letters doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2009.1069. pdf format

Holmobe, K., Nemoda, Z., Fearon, R.M.P., Csibra G., Sasvari-Szeleky, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2010) Polymorphisms in dopamine 
system genes are associated with individual differences in attention in 
infancy.  Developmental Psychology, 46, 404-416. pdf format

Elsabbagh, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2010) Getting answers from babies about autism.  Trends in Cognitive Science, 14, 81-87. pdf format

Southgate, V., Johnson, M.H., El Karoui, and Csibra, G. (2010)  Motor system activation reveals infants’ on-line prediction of others’ goals.  Psychological Science, 21, 355-359. pdf format

Cohen-Kadosh, K., Henson, R.N.A., Cohen-Kadosh, R., Johnson, M.H., and Dick, F. (2010)  Task-dependent activation of face-sensitive cortex: An fMRI adaptation study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 903-917. pdf format

Mercure, E., Ashwin, E., Dick, F., Halit, H., Auyeung, B., Baron-Cohen, S. and Johnson, M.H. (2009) IQ, fetal testosterone and individual variability in children’s functional lateralization.  Neuropsychologia, 47, 2537-2543. pdf format

Tomalski, P., Csibra, G., and Johnson, M.H. (2009) Temporal-nasal asymmetry of rapid orienting to face-like stimuli in adults.  NeuroReport, 20, 1309-1312. pdf format

Gliga, T., Elsabbagh, M., Andravizou, A., & Johnson, M.H. (2009) Faces Attract Infants' Attention in Complex Displays. Infancy 14 (5): 550 - 562 pdf format.

Rigato, S., Farroni, T., and Johnson, M.H. (2009) The shared signal hypothesis and neural responses to expressions and gaze in infants and adults.  Social, Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, doi:10.1093/scan/nsp037. pdf format

Senju, A. and Johnson, M.H.  (2009) Atypical eye contact in autism: Models, mechanisms and development. Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews 33: 1204-1214. pdf format

Senju, A. and Johnson, M.H.  (2009) The eye contact effect:  Mechanisms and development.  Trends in Cognitive Science, 13, 127-134. pdf format

Elsabbagh, M., Volein, A., Tucker, L., Holmboe, K., Csibra G., Baron-Cohen, S., Bolton, P., Charman, T., Baird, G., and Johnson, M.H.  (2009) Visual orienting in the early broader autism phenotype:  Disengagement and facilitation.  Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 637-642. pdf format

Tomalski, P., Csibra, G., and Johnson, M.H.  (2009) Rapid orienting toward face-like stimuli with gaze-relevant contrast information.  Perception, 38, 569-578. pdf format

Annaz, D., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Johnson, M. H., & Thomas, M. S. C. (2009). A cross-syndrome study of the development of holistic face recognition in children with autism, Down syndrome and Williams syndrome.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 102, 456-486. pdf format

Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A., Volein, A., Everdell, N., Elwell, C.E. and Johnson, M.H. (2009) Social Perception in infancy: A near infrared spectroscopy study. Child Development, 80, 986-999. pdf format

Johnson, M.H., Grossmann, T. and Cohen-Kadosh, K. (2009) Mapping functional brain development: Building a social brain through Interactive Specialization.  Developmental Psychology, 45, 151-159. pdf format

Grossmann, T., Gliga, T., Johnson, M.H. and Mareschal, D. (2009) The neural basis of perceptual category learning in human infants.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21, 2276-2286. pdf format

Elsabbagh, M., Volein, A., Csibra, G., Holmboe, K., Garwood, H., Tucker, L., Krlijes, S., Baron-Cohen, S., Bolton, P., Charman, T., Baird, G., and Johnson, M.H.  (2009) Neural correlates of eye gaze processing in the infant broader autism phenotype.  Biological Psychiatry, 65, 31-38. pdf format

Southgate, V., Johnson, M.H., Osborne, T., and Csibra, G. (2009) Predictive motor activation during action observation in infants.  Biology Letters, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2009.0474. pdf format

Mercure, E., Dick, F., Halit, H., Kaufman, J., and Johnson, M.H. (2008) Differential Lateralization for Words and Faces: Category or Psychophysics?  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 2070-2087. pdf format

Mercure, E., Dick, F. and Johnson, M.H. (2008) Featural and configural face processing differentially modulate ERP components.  Brain Research, 1239, 162-170. pdf format

Johnson, M.H., Grossman, T., and Farroni, T.  (2008)  The social cognitive neuroscience of infancy:  Illuminating the early development of social brain functions.  Advances in Child Development and Behavior, 36, 331-372. pdf format

Senju, A., Csibra, G. and Johnson, M.H. (2008) Understanding the referential nature of looking:  Infants’ preference for object-directed gaze.  Cognition, 108, 303-319. pdf format

Johnson, M. H., Mareschal, D., and Csibra, G. (2008). The development and integration of dorsal and ventral visual pathways in object processing. To appear in C. Nelson & M. Luciana (Eds.), Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Second Edition (pp. 467-478). Cambridge: MIT Press.

Yoon, J.D., Johnson, M.H., and Csibra, G. (2008) Communication-induced memory biases in preverbal infants.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 105, 13690-13695. pdf format

Grossman, T., Johnson, M.H., Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A., Deligianni, F., Elwell, C. and Csibra, G. (2008) Early cortical specialization for face-to-face communication in human infants.  Proceedings of the Royal Society B, doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.0986 pdf format


Sirois, S., Spratling, M., Thomas, M.S.C., Westermann, G., Mareschal, D. and Johnson, M.H. (2008) Precis of Neurocontructivism: How the brain constructs cognition.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31, 321-356  (Target article with commentaries and reply: Thomas, M.S.C, Westermann, G., Mareschal, D., Johnson, M.H., Sirois, S., and Spratling,  Studying development in the 21st Century). pdf format

Southgate, V., Csibra, G., Kaufman, J. and Johnson, M.H.  (2008) Distinct processing of objects and faces in the infant brain.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 741-749. pdf format

Southgate, V., Johnson, M.H., and Csibra, G. (2008) Infants attribute goals even to biomechanically impossible actions.  Cognition, 107, 1059-1069.pdf format

Halit, H., Grice, S.J., Bolton, P. and Johnson, M.H. (2008) Face and gaze processing in Prader-Willi syndrome.  Journal of Neuropsychology, 2, 65-77. pdf format

Gliga, T., Mareschal, D.  and Johnson, M.H. (2008) 'Ten-months-olds' selective use of visual dimensions in category learning' in Infant Behaviour and Development. pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2008) 'Cognitive Neuroscience' in Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development. Eds. Haith, M.M. and Jenson, J.B. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 309-318. pdf format

Blasi, A, Lloyd-Fox, S., Everdell, N., Volein, A., Tucker, L., Csibra, G., Gibson, A.P., Hebden, J., Johnson, M.H., and Elwell, C.E. (2007) Investigation of depth dependent changes in cerebral haemodynamics during face perception in infants.  Physics in Medicine and Biology, 52, 6849-6864. pdf format

Grossman, T., Farroni, T., Csibra, G., and Johnson, M.H. (2007) Social perception in the infant brain: Gamma oscillatory activity in response to eye gaze.  Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2, 284-291. pdf format

Cohen-Kadosh, K., and Johnson, M.H. (2007)  Developing a cortex specialized for face perception.  Trends in Cognitive Science, 11, 367-369. pdf format

Watling, L., Spratling, M.W., de Meyer, K., and Johnson, M.H. (2007)  The role of feedback in the determination of figure and ground:  A combined behavioral and modeling study.  In:  Proceedings of the 29th meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (COGSCI107).  Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. pdf format

Elsabbagh, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2007) Infancy and Autism: Progress, prospects and challenges. Progress in Brain Research, 164, 355-383. pdf format

Humphreys, K. and Johnson, M.H. (2007) The development of face-space.  Visual Cognition, 15, 578-598. pdf format

Gage, N.M. and Johnson, M.H. (2007). Chapter 15: Development.  In:  Cognition, Brain and Consciousness: An Introduction to Cognitive Neuroscience. Eds.  Baars, B.J. and Gage, N.M.  San Diego: Academic Press.  p. 411-451.

Johnson, M.H. (2007). The social brain in infancy:  A developmental cognitive neuroscience approach.  In:  Human Behavior, Learning and the Developing Brain: Typical Development. Eds.  D. Coch, K.W, Fischer, G. Dawson.  New York, Guilford Press p. 115-137.

Kotsoni, E., Csibra, G., Mareschal, D., and Johnson, M.H.  (2007). Electrophysiological correlates of common-onset visual masking.  Neuropsychologia, 45, 2285-2293. pdf format

Csibra, G. and Johnson, M.H. (2007). Investigating event-related oscillations in infancy. In: de Haan, M. (Ed.) Infant EEG and Event-related potentials. pdf format

De Haan, M., Johnson, M.H. and Halit, H. (2007). Development of face-sensitive event-related potentials during infancy.  In:  Infant EEG and Event-related potentials. Ed.  M. De Haan. Psychology Press. 77-100.

Grossmann, T. and Johnson, M.H. (2007). The development of the social brain in human infancy.  European Journal of Neuroscience, 25, 909-919. pdf format

Farroni, T., Menon, E., Rigato, S. and Johnson, M.H. (2007). The perception of facial expressions in newborns.  European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 4, 2-13.  pdf format

Farroni, T., Massaccesi, S., Menon, E., and Johnson, M.H.  (2007). Direct gaze modulates face recognition in young infants.  Cognition, 102, 396-404.  pdf format

Westermann, G., Mareschal, D., Johnson, M.H., Sirois, S., Spratling, M.W., and Thomas, M.S.C.  (2007).  Neuroconstructivism.  Developmental Science, 10, 75-83.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2007). Developing a social brain (Nobel Forum keynote lecture).  Acta Paediatrica, 96, 3-5.  pdf format

Reid, V., Belsky, J., Csibra, G. & Johnson, M.H.  (2006). Neural correlates of the perception of goal-directed action in infants.  Acta Psychologicapdf format

Senju, A., Johnson, M.H. and Csibra, G. (2006).  The development and neural basis of referential gaze perception.  Social Neuroscience, 1, 220-234.  pdf format

Halit, H., de Haan, M., Schyns, P.G., and Johnson, M.H. (2006).  Is high-spatial frequency information used in the early stages of face detection?  Brain Research, 1117, 154-161.

Farroni, T., Menon, E., and Johnson, M.H. (2006). Factors influencing newborns preference for faces with eye contact.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 95, 298-308. pdf format

Johnson, M.H. and Farroni, T. (2007).  The neurodevelopmental origins of eye-gaze perception.  In:  Gaze-Following:  Its Development and Significance. Eds.  Flom, R., Lee, K. and Muir, D.  Mahwah, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum Associates.  P.1-16.

Thomas, M. S. C. and Johnson, M. H. (2006). The computational modelling of sensitive periods. Developmental Psychobiology, 48(4), 337-344.

Kotsoni, E., Mareschal, D., Csibra, G. and Johnson, M.H. (2006). Common-onset visual masking in infancy:  Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 966-973.  pdf format

Humphreys, K., Gosselin, F., Schyns, P., and Johnson, M.H. (2006). Using “Bubbles” with Babies: A new technique for investigating the informational basis of infant perception.  Infant Behavior and Development, 29, 471-475. pdf format

Kaufman, J., Gilmore, R. and Johnson, M.H. (2006).  Frames of reference for anticipatory action in 4-month old infants.  Infant Behaviour and Development, 29, 322-333. pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2006). Biological motion:  A perceptual “life detector”?  Current Biology, 16, R376-377. pdf format

Baron-Cohen, S, Scott, F, Wheelwright, S, Johnson, M.H., Bisarya, D, Desai, A, & Ahluwalia, J (2006).  Can Asperger Syndrome be diagnosed at 26 months old? A genetic high-risk single case study. Journal of Child Neurology, 21, 351-356.  pdf format

Spratling, M., and Johnson, M.H. (2006). A feedback model of perceptual learning and categorization.  Visual Cognition, 13, 129-165.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. and de Haan, M. (2006).  Typical and atypical human functional brain development.  In:  Developmental Psychopathology, 2nd Ed. (Volume 2:  Developmental Neuroscience) Eds. Cicchetti, D. & Cohen, D.J.  Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.  P. 197-215.

Farroni, T., Johnson, M. H., Menon, E., Zulian, L., Faraguna, D., and Csibra, G. (2005)  Newborns’ preference for face-relevant stimuli: Effects of contrast polarity.  Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, 102,  17245-17250. pdf format

Johnson, M.H., Griffin, R., Csibra, G., Halit, H., Farroni, T., de Haan, M., Baron-Cohen, S., and Richards, J. (2005). The emergence of the social brain network:  Evidence from typical and atypical development.  Development and Psychopathology, 17, 599-619.  pdf format

Kaufman, J., Csibra, G. and Johnson, M.H. (2005) Oscillatory activity in the infant brain reflects object maintenance.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102, 15271-15274.  pdf format

Reid, V.M., Belsky, J. and Johnson, M.H. (2005)  Infant perception of human action: Toward a developmental cognitive neuroscience of individual differences.  Cognition, Brain, Behavior, IX,  193-210.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2005). Sub-cortical face processing. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 6, 766-774. pdf format

Holmboe, K and Johnson, M.H. (2005).  Educating executive attention.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102, 14479-14480.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2005).  Developmental neuroscience, psychophysiology, and genetics.  In:  Developmental Science:  An Advanced Textbook.  Eds. M.H. Bornstein and M. Lamb.  Mahwah NJ: Laurence Erlbaum Associates.  P. 187- 222.

Johnson, M.H. (2005).  Sensitive periods in functional brain development:  Problems and prospects. Developmental Psychobiology, 46, 287-292.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2005).  The ontogeny of the social brain.  In: Developing individuality in the human brain: A tribute to Michael Posner. Eds.  Mayr, U., Awh, E., and Keele, S.W. Washington DC: APA press.  P.125 –140.

Grice, S.J., Halit, H., Farroni, T., Baron-Cohen, S., Bolton, P. and Johnson, M.H. (2005).  Neural correlates of eye-gaze detection in young children with autism.  Cortex, 41, 342-353. (Reprinted in: Bishop, Eckert & Leonard:  The Neurobiology of developmental disorders, Milano, Masson, 2005).  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2005). Developmental neuroscience, psychophysiology, and genetics. In: Bornstein, M.H. and Lamb, M. (Eds.) Developmental Science: An Advanced Textbook. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Johnson, M.H. and Munakata, Y. (2005). Processes of change in brain and cognitive development.  Trends in Cognitive Science, 9, 152- 158.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. and Gilmore, R.O. (2004).  Infancy:  Biological Processes. In: Encyclopedia of Psychology.  Ed. A. Kadzin.  American Psychological Association and Oxford University Press.

Reid V.M., Striano T., Kaufman J., and Johnson M.H.  (2004). Eye gaze cueing facilitates neural processing of objects in 4-month-old infants. NeuroReport, 15, 2553-5.  pdf format

Farroni, T.,  Csibra, G. and Johnson, M.H. (2004). Mechanisms of eye gaze perception during infancy.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 1320- 1326. pdf format

Spratling, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2004). Neural coding strategies and mechanisms of competition. Cognitive Systems Research, 5, 93 -117.  pdf format

Halit, H., Csibra, G., Volein, A., and Johnson, M.H. (2004). Face-sensitive cortical processing in early infancy.  Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 1228-1234.  pdf format

De Haan,  M., Belsky, J., Reid, V., Volein, A., and Johnson, M.H. (2004). Maternal personality and infants neural and visual responsivity to facial expressions of emotion. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 1209-1218.  pdf format

Farroni, T., Massaccesi, S., Pividori, D., and Johnson, M.H. (2004). Gaze following in newborns.  Infancy, 5, 39 –60.  pdf format

Mareschal, D., Johnson, M.H., and Grayson, A. (2004). Brain and cognitive development.  In:  Oates, J. & Grayson, A:  Cognitive and Language Development in Children. The Open University/ Blackwell Publishing.  113- 162.

Johnson, M.H. (2004). Plasticity and functional brain development: The case of face processing.  In:  Attention & Performance XX: Functional neuroimaging of visual cognition.  Eds N. Kanwisher and J. Duncan,  Oxford University Press, 257- 263.

Spratling, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2004). A feedback model of visual attention.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 219-237.  pdf format

Csibra, G., Henty, J., Volein, A., Elwell, C., Tucker, L., Meek, J. and Johnson, M.H. (2004). Near Infrared spectroscopy reveals neural activation during face perception in infants and adults. Journal of Pediatric Neurology, 2(2), 85- 89.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2003). The development of human brain function.  Biological Psychiatry, 54, 1312- 1316.  pdf format

Kaufman, J., Mareschal, D., and Johnson, M.H., (2003). Graspability and object processing in the infants. Infant Behaviour and Development, 26, 516-528.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. and Farroni, T. (2003).  Perceiving and acting on the eyes: The development and neural basis of eye gaze perception.  In: Pascalis, O and Slater, A. (Ed) The development of face Processing in Infancy and Early Childhood. Nova publishers. Pp. 155-167.

De Haan, M., Johnson, M.H. and Halit, H.  (2003). Development of face-sensitive event-related potentials during infancy: A review.  International Journal of Psychophysiology, 51, 45-58.  pdf format

Grice, S.J., de Haan, M., Halit, H., Johnson, M.H., Csibra, G. and Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2003). ERP abnormalities of Illusory contour perception in Williams Syndrome. NeuroReport, 14, 1773-1777.

Brown, J., Johnson, M.H., Paterson, J., Gilmore, R., Longhi, E., and Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2003). Spatial representation and attention in toddlers with Williams Syndrome and Down Syndrome. Neuropsychologia, 41, 1037-1046. pdf format

De Haan, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2003). Mechanisms and theories of brain development. In: de Haan & Johnson, Editors: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Development. Psychology Press. p 1-18.

De Haan, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2003). Neuropsychological development. In: Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science, Macmillan Publishers, 347-353.

Farroni, T., Mansfield, E.M., Lai, C. and Johnson, M.H. (2003). Infants perceiving and acting on the eyes: Tests of an evolutionary hypothesis. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 85, 199-212.  pdf format

Halit, H., de Haan, M., and Johnson, M.H. (2003). Cortical specialisation for face processing: Face-sensitive event-related potential components in 3 and 12 month-old infants. NeuroImage, 1,9 1180- 1193.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2003). The infant brain. In: The Future of Learning: Issues and Prospects. Eds: M. Tokoro & L. Steels, IOS Press, Amsterdam. P. 101-116.

Johnson, M.H. and Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2003). Neuroscience perspectives on infant development. In: Brenmer, G. & Slater, A. (Eds): Theories of Infant Development, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 121-144.

Kaufman, J., Csibra, G. and Johnson, M.H. (2003). Representing occluded objects in the human infant brain. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biology Letters, DOI 10.1098/rsbl.2003.0067.  pdf format

Mansfield, E., Farroni, T. and Johnson, M.H. (2003). Does gaze perception facilitate overt orienting? Visual Cognition, 10, 7-14.  pdf format

Mareschal, D. and Johnson, M.H. (2003). The "what" and "where" of object representations in infancy. Cognition, 88, 259- 276.  pdf format

Schyns, P.G., Jentzsch, I, Johnson, M.H, Schweinberger, S.R. and Gosselin, F. (2003). A principled method for determining the functionality of brain responses. NeuroReport, 14, 1665-1669.  pdf format

Spratling, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2003). Exploring the functional significance of dendritic inhibition in cortical pyramidal cells. Neurocomputing, 52-54, 389-395. pdf format

Bates, E., Elman, J., Johnson, M.H., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Parisi, D. and Plunkett, K. (1998). Innateness and emergentism. In: A Companion to Cognitive Science. Eds. W. Bechtel & G. Graham. Oxford: Blackwell. 590-601.

de Haan, M., Humphries, K., and Johnson, M.H. (2002). Developing a brain specialized for face processing: A converging methods approach. Developmental Psychobiology, 40, 200-212.  pdf format

de Haan, M., Pascalis, O., and Johnson, M.H. (2002). Specialization of neural mechanisms underlying face recognition in human infants. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 199-209. pdf format

Farroni, T., Csibra, G., Simion, F., and Johnson, M.H. (2002). Eye contact detection in humans from birth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 99, 9602- 9605.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2002). Neural mechanisms of cognitive development in infancy. In: McClelland & Thompson: International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier Science Ltd, p. 2103-2108.

Johnson, M.H., Aslin, R, Diamond, A., Hood, B.M., and Spelke, E. (2001). Perception and Attention. Developmental Science, 4 (Special Issue: The Developing Human Brain), 270-292.

Johnson, M.H. and de Haan, M. (2002). Brain Development. In: Child Development. Ed. N.J. Salkind. New York: MacMillan Reference USA. 65-68.

Johnson, M.H., Halit, H., Grice, S. and Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2002). Neuroimaging of typical and atypical development: A perspective from multiple levels of analysis. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 521-536. pdf format

Spratling, M and Johnson, M.H. (2002). Pre-integration lateral inhibition enhances unsupervised learning. Neural Computation, 14, 2157-2179. pdf format

Csibra, G. and Johnson, M.H. (2001). Technical comment: Object processing in the infant brain. Science, 292, 163-165.

Csibra, G., Tucker, L.A., and Johnson, M.H. (2001). Differential frontal cortex activation before anticipatory and reactive saccades in infancy. Infancy, 2, 159-174.  pdf format

de Haan, M., Johnson, M.H., Maurer, D., and Perrett, D.I. (2001). Recognition of individual faces and face prototypes by 1 and 3 month old infants. Cognitive Development, 16, 659-678. pdf format

Grice, S.J., Spratling, M.W., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Halit, H., Csibra, G., de Haan, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2001). Disordered visual processing and oscillatory brain activity in autism and Williams Syndrome. NeuroReport, 12, 2697-2700.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2001). The developmental and neural basis of face recognition: Comment and speculation. Infant and Child Development, 10, 31-33.

Johnson, M.H. (2001). Functional brain development in humans. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2, 475-483.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2001). Functional brain development during infancy. In: Blackwell Handbook of Infant Development. Eds. J.G. Bremner & A. Fogel. Oxford: Blackwell.169-190.

Johnson, M.H. (2001). Infants' initial "knowledge" of the world: A cognitive neuroscience perspective. In: Emerging cognitive abilities in early infancy. Eds. Lacerda, F, von Hofsten, C. & Heimann, M. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 53-72.

Johnson, M.H. and de Haan, M. (2001). Developing cortical specialization for visual-cognitive function: The case of face recognition. In: Mechanisms of Cognitive Development: Behavioral and neural perspectives. Eds. J.L.McClelland & R.S. Siegler. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 253-270.

Johnson, M.H., de Haan, M., Oliver, A., Smith, W., Hatzakis, H., Tucker, L.A., Csibra, G. (2001). Recording and analyzing high density ERPs with infants using the Geodesic Sensor Net. Developmental Neuropsychology, 19, 295-323.

Johnson, M.H. and Mareschal, D. (2001). Perceptual and cognitive development in infancy. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 11, 213-218.  pdf format

Johnson, M.H., Mareschal, D. and Csibra, G. (2001). The functional development and integration of the dorsal and ventral visual pathways: A neurocomputational approach. In: Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, MIT Press.

Kotsoni, E., de Haan, M., and Johnson, M.H. (2001). Categorical perception of facial expressions by 7-month old infants. Perception, 30, 1115- 1125.  pdf format

Spratling, M. and Johnson, M.H. (2001). Dendritic inhibition enhances neural coding properties. Cerebral Cortex, 11, 1144- 1149. pdf format

Csibra G, Davis G., Spratling, M.W, and Johnson, M.H. (2000). Gamma oscillations and object processing in the infant brain. Science, 290, 1582-1585.  pdf format

Csibra, G., Tucker, L.A., Volein, A. and Johnson, M.H. (2000). Cortical development and saccade planning: The ontogeny of the spike potential. NeuroReport, 11, 1069-1073.  pdf format

Farroni, T, Johnson, M.H., Brockbank, M., and Simion, F. (2000). Infants use of gaze direction to cue attention: The importance of perceived motion. Visual Cognition, 7, 705-718.

Halit, H., de Haan, M., and Johnson, M.H. (2000). Modulation of event-related potentials by prototypical and atypical faces. NeuroReport, 11, 1-5.

Johnson, M.H. (2000). Functional brain development in infants: Elements of an interactive specialization framework. Child Development, 71, 75-81. pdf format

Johnson, M.H. (2000). State of the Art: How babies' brains work. The Psychologist, 13, 298-301.

Johnson, M.H. (2000). Cortical specialization in infants: Beyond the maturational model. Brain and Cognition, 42, 124-127.

Johnson, M.H.and Bolhuis, J.J. (2000). Predispositions in perceptual and cognitive development. In Bolhuis, J.J. (Ed.) Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in cognitive neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Johnson, M.H., Farroni, T., Brockbank, M., and Simion, F. (2000). Preferential orienting to faces in 4 month olds: analysis of temporal-nasal visual field differences. Developmental Science, 3, 41- 45.

Johnson, M.H. and Gilmore, R.O. (2000). Infancy: Biological Processes. In: Kadzin, A (Ed) Encyclopedia of Psychology. American Psychological Association and Oxford University Press.

Johnson, M.H., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Pennington, B.F. and Oliver, A. (2000). Deviations in the emergence of representations: themes and variations. Developmental Science, 3, 38-40.

Oliver, A., Johnson, M.H., Karmiloff-Smith, A., and Pennington, B. (2000). Deviations in the emergence of representations: A neuroconstructivist framework for analysing developmental disorders. Developmental Science, 3, 1-23.

Quinn, P.C., Johnson, M.H., Mareschal, D., Rakison, D.H. and Younger, B.A. (2000). A dual process framework for understanding early categorization. Infancy, 1, 111-122.

Quinn, P.C. and Johnson, M.H. (2000). Global before basic category representations in connectionist networks and 2-month old infants. Infancy, 1, 31-46. pdf format

Rivera-Gaxiola, M., Johnson, M.H., Csibra, G. and Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2000). Electrophysiological correlates of category goodness. Behavioural Brain Research, 13-23.

Rivera-Gaxiola, M., Csibra, G., Johnson, M.H., and Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2000). Electrophysiological correlates of cross-linguistic speech perception in native English speakers. Behavioural Brain Research, 112, 1-11.

Johnson, M.H. (1999). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. In Developmental Psychology: Achievements and prospects. Ed. M. Bennett. Philadelphia: Psychology press, p.147-164.

Johnson, M.H. (1999). Perceptual development is an activity-dependent process. (Contemporary Voices in Psychology feature). In: Hilgard's Introduction to Psychology 13th Ed. Harcourt Brace Publishers, Texas. p.187. Reprinted in: Smith, Bem & Nolen-Hoeksema (2001):. Fundamentals of Psychology, 1/e. Eds Harcourt Brace Publishers.

Johnson, M.H. (1999). Ontogenetic constraints on neural and behavioral plasticity: Evidence from imprinting and face recognition. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology (Special Issue: The Hebb legacy), 53, 77-90.

Johnson, M.H. (1999). Cortical plasticity: Implications for normal and abnormal cognitive development. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 419-437.

Johnson, M.H. (1999). Developmental Neuroscience. In: Developmental Psychology: An Advanced textbook, 4th Edition. Eds. M. Bornstein & M. Lamb. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum. 199-230.

Johnson, M.H. (1999). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience: Relating brain development to cognitive change. In: Exploring Developmental Psychology: From infancy to adolescence. Eds. D. Messer & S. Millar. London: Edward Arnold. 23-40.

Paterson, S.J., Brown, J., Gsödl, M.K, Johnson, M.H., & Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1999). Cognitive modularity and genetic disorders. Science, 286, 2355- 2358.

Csibra, G., Tucker, L.A., and Johnson, M.H. (1998). Neural correlates of saccade planning in infants: A high-density ERP study. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 29, 201-215. pdf format

Gilmore, R.O. and Johnson, M.H. (1998). Learning what is where: Oculomotor contributions to the development of spatial cognition. In: The development of sensory, motor, and cognitive capacities in early infancy: From sensation to cognition. Eds. F. Simion & G. Butterworth. Hove, UK: Psychology press, 25-48.

Johnson, M.H., Oliver, A.and Shrager, J. (1998). The paradox of plasticity: Constraints on the emergence of representations in the neocortex. In Cognitive Studies: Journal of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society, 5, 5-24. Reprinted in: Imai (Ed.) (2000): Innateness of the mind: What are innate constraints for language and conceptual development? Kyoritsu Publishers, Tokyo (Japanese translation).

Johnson, M.H. (1998). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience: Looking ahead. Early Development and Parenting, 7, 163-169.

Johnson, M.H. (1998). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience: An Overview. Early Development and Parenting, 7, 121-124.

Johnson, M.H. (1998). Developing an attentive brain. In: The Attentive Brain. Ed. R. Parasuraman. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. p. 427-444.

Johnson, M.H. and Gilmore, R.O. (1998). Object-centered attention in eight-month-old infants. Developmental Science, 1, 221-225.

Johnson, M.H., Gilmore, R.O., and Csibra, G.C. (1998). Towards a computational model of the development of saccade planning. In: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention. Eds. J. Richards. Erlbaum, 103-130.

Johnson, M.H., Tucker, L., Stiles, J. and Trauner, D. (1998). Visual attention in infants with perinatal brain damage: Evidence of the importance of left anterior lesions. Developmental Science, 1, 53-58.

Karmiloff-Smith, A., Plunkett, K., Johnson. M.H., Elman, J.L., and Bates, E.A. (1998). What does it mean to claim that something is 'innate'? Response to Clark, Harris, Lightfoot and Samuels. Mind and Language, 13, 588-597.